Modern and Classical Languages

The Modern and Classical Language Department helps students develop competence in communicating in a second language. We hold to the five goals of language teaching established by the American Council of Teachers of Foreign Languages: communication, culture, connections, comparisons and community. These goals emphasize the interrelation and understanding of other cultures to create a broader grasp of life outside one’s immediate surroundings and build relationships with speakers of other languages. This can help students become leaders abroad as well as at home.

The department offers Spanish, French, Chinese and Latin, including Honors and Advanced Placement courses. Each student is required to complete three years of a single language. The modern language classes are conducted entirely in their respective languages to enable assimilation and development of oral/aural skills.

Chinese

Chinese I, II, III, III Honors, IV, IV Honors, and Chinese V

Chinese 1
This is the introductory course to the three-year foreign language requirement for all students. This college preparatory course introduces basic grammar, speech patterns, sentence structure, and common vocabulary used in daily conversation. The course will also introduce the “simplified” Chinese character writing system, including basic strokes, stroke orders, and radicals and the Chinese phonetic system, which will be used throughout the year. Chinese culture will be included as each unit is unfolds.

Chinese 2
The goal of this course is to strengthen students’ language skills by building on their existing Chinese language foundation. Students will continue to develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills by engaging in more complex sentences and structures. Students will also continue to add to their understanding of the culture, history, and geography of China.

Chinese 3
Chinese 3 is an advanced foreign language course that fulfills the final year of the three-year foreign language requirement for all students. Students are exposed to greater variety of vocabulary and more practical, complex sentence and structures. Listening and speaking skills are closely monitored and assessed through classroom interaction and formal assessments. Students should be able to express opinions and compare and contrast cultural nuances.

Chinese 3 Honors
Chinese 3 Honors covers the same material as Chinese 3, however the content is presented at a more rapid pace and with a stronger focus on essay writing. At the Honors level, students will be expected to acquire a wider range of vocabulary, express themselves using less-common words in the structures they study, read authentic sources appropriate to their level and be able to compare and contrast different cultural aspects of the Chinese-speaking world.

Chinese 4 CP is not offered

Chinese 4 Honors
Chinese 4 Honors strengthens students' language skills with an increasing variety of authentic material in addition to the textbooks, such as Chinese literature, poetry, movies and newspapers. Readings, discussions, and compositions are based on specific topic learning or current Chinese society and in student and teenage life. Students will continue to compare and contrast both auditory and print sources and use those sources for oral presentations and/or essays.

Chinese 5 Honors
This is an advanced world language course that continues building fluency in Chinese and begins preparation for the Advanced Placement exam. The goal of this course is to enhance students’ language skills and sharpen their fluency and understanding of the Chinese language and culture.

Students broaden and deepen their vocabulary and syntactical structures by reading and listening to authentic sources. Writing and speaking focus on proficient communicating through in depth discussions, story narrations, conversations on daily topics, and cultural presentations.

French

French I, II, III, III Honors, IV, IV Honors, V AP

French I -This course introduces basic grammar, speech patterns, linguistics, sentence structure and commonly used vocabulary. Students engage in basic conversations using present tense verbs and are introduced to the art, culture and geography of French-speaking countries.

French II - French II continues with emphasis on speaking, listening comprehension, reading, writing, pronunciation and vocabulary. Students use more complex structures in daily conversations and learn how to use a variety of verb tenses. They continue to expand their knowledge and understanding of the art, culture and geography of French-speaking countries. Prerequisite: French I or equivalent

French III - This course is an advanced foreign language course that fulfills the final year of the three-year foreign language requirement for all students. Listening and speaking skills are closely monitored and assessed through classroom interaction and formal assessments. Students should be able to express opinions and compare and contrast cultural nuances. Students should be able to write paragraphs in French. Reading comprehension continues to develop using longer stories and more advanced structures.

French III Honors - French III Honors works at a more rapid pace and with greater scope and complexity, allowing students to begin preparing for the Advanced Placement exam. Many of the techniques practiced in the AP class will be introduced and practiced during the second semester of the course. Prerequisites: French II or equivalent and departmental approval.

French IV - French IV is a course that engages students in reading, writing, listening, and speaking activities in order to promote fluency in the French language. Culture and literature are also introduced as ways to motivate students to dialogue and actively participate in group activities. Students give presentations and read various sorts of literature and respond to French-language films, write compositions, and listen and respond to various French language recordings. In doing these activities, students increase their knowledge and understanding of French-speaking cultures and improve their level of competency in the language.

French IV Honors - As you continue your journey in the French language this year, you will gain confidence and become more proficient in communicating your ideas and opinions through speaking and writing in the language. You will also continue to grow in your understanding and appreciation of the Francophone people and cultures, which will be invaluable to you as you become Christian leaders here and abroad.

French V AP - The AP French Language and Culture course emphasizes communication (understanding and being understood by others) by applying interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational skills in real-life situations. This includes vocabulary usage, language control, communication strategies, and cultural awareness. The AP French Language and Culture course strives not to overemphasize grammatical accuracy at the expense of communication. To best facilitate the study of language and culture, the course is taught almost exclusively in French. The AP French Language and Culture course engages students in an exploration of culture in both contemporary and historical contexts. The course develops students’ awareness and appreciation of cultural products (e.g., tools, books, music, laws, conventions, institutions); practices (patterns of social interactions within a culture); and perspectives (values, attitudes, and assumptions).

Latin

Latin I, II, III, III Honors, IV Honors, V Honors

Latin I - Latin I introduces students to the Latin language through the study of basic grammar, vocabulary and syntax. Students develop translation skills in Latin through constant reading, grammar drills, and the practice of parsing sentences. Students learn how to recognize derivatives and use them which enhances English vocabulary. Aspects of Roman history, Roman literature, culture and geography are also introduced.

Latin II - Latin II introduces the student to advanced grammar and syntax used in Roman prose and poetry. This course is a preparation for reading Latin literature. The students will translate selections from De Bello Gallico of Julius Caesar, the Breviarium Ab Urbe Condita, Liber Tertius of Eutropius, and use critical thinking to analyze the prose and writing styles.

Latin III - Latin III emphasizes the prose of the Golden Age of Latin literature. Students read Pliny the Younger and Cicero. They are introduced to the literary genre of letter writing, oratory and philosophical essay writing. The students are introduced to the poetry of Ovid, scansion and the use of mythological allusions. The students must think critically to analyze style, literary devices and author's point of view. Prerequisite: Latin II.

Latin III Honors - Latin III Honors is a course for those students who either plan on continuing to Latin IV Honors the following year or who wish to finish their language program with a solid foundation in Latin. In this course students will continue to develop their reading, writing and translating skills in Latin through consistent reading of the literary works of Cicero, Pliny the Younger and Ovid. They will learn to appreciate the prose and poetry of these great writers. The students will learn aspects of Roman history and how they apply to the literature of that period.

Latin IV Honors -This course is for students who wish to continue to develop their reading, writing and translating skills in Latin through consistent of the literary works of Vergil, Catullus, and reading passages from the Vulgate. They will learn to appreciate the prose and poetry of these great writers. In addition to translating, they will be investigating the history of Rome at the time of the writing of their works and correlating history with the subject matter. The students do an in depth study of the styles of each author as well as their use of specific vocabulary that characterize their style.

Latin V Honors - This course is for students who wish to continue to develop their reading, writing and translating skills in Latin through consistent of the literary works of Vergil, Catullus, and reading passages from the Vulgate. They will learn to appreciate the prose and poetry of these great writers. In addition to translating, they will be investigating the history of Rome at the time of the writing of their works and correlating history with the subject matter. The students do an in depth study of the styles of each author as well as their use of specific vocabulary that characterize their style.

Spanish

Spanish I, IB, II, III, III Honors, IV, IV Honors, V, V AP

Spanish I - This course is a general introduction to the Spanish language: vocabulary related to everyday life, cultural
information, pronunciation, and basic grammatical structures. Emphasis will be on the acquisition of four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. At the course's completion, students are expected to engage in basic
conversations using present tense verbs, grammatical concepts, vocabulary, and have a basic understanding
of Spanish culture.

Spanish IB - This course is for the student who has had prior experience in Spanish but is lacking sufficient background for Spanish II. It counts as the first year of the three-year foreign language requirement for graduation. The introductory phase of the class is shortened, and later chapters are explored more in depth than the Spanish IA class. This college preparatory course introduces basic grammar, speech patterns, sentence structure, and common vocabulary used in daily interchange.

Spanish II - This course continues an emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Structures from Spanish I are reinforced. Emphasis is on perfecting pronunciation, mastering of the basic grammatical
structures, and increasing communication in the target language. Students will learn to relate events in the past
by comparing and contrasting the use of imperfect and the preterite tenses. Their knowledge of the art, culture and geography of Spanish-speaking countries continues to be developed. Students read and summarize Spanish-language books. Prerequisite: Spanish I or passing placement test.

Spanish III - Spanish III continues to develop the skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. Structures from Spanish I and II are reviewed. Students learn to give commands, express desires, emotions and doubt about situations surrounding them, talk about future activities, and offer suppositions. Students are exposed to authentic Spanish literature with an increasing emphasis on learning about different cultures. They will also listen to podcasts and deepen their understanding of the language.

Spanish III Honors - Spanish III Honors covers the same material as Spanish III, but at a more rapid pace and with a stronger focus on essay writing. A hallmark of Spanish III Honors is the ability to communicate events in the past tense using a variety of expression and fluency. The students will learn about the culture of Spain in depth. Prerequisites: Spanish II or equivalent and a recommendation from the student's Spanish II teacher.

Spanish IV - Spanish IV is for the student who wants to continue language study without the rigors of an AP class. The emphasis will be on developing fluency while maintaining a balance between learning new grammatical structures and practicing conversational skills. With a focus on authentic literary and audio sources, the student will be exposed to a variety of scenarios that reflect the ever-changing Spanish speaking world. Prerequisite: Spanish III or III Honors.

Spanish IV Honors - Spanish IV Honors can be considered a challenging Pre-AP class. For those seniors in their
fourth year of language, the class will prepare them for success at the collegiate level. For juniors, it is an enriching year of authentic culture, literature, community themes, and collaboration that will serve to better prepare them for
their year in AP Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish III or III Honors and recommendation from the teacher.

Spanish V - Students develop conversational skills through dialogues, listening to real conversations, podcasts, movies, songs, translations, and readings on daily living. Intensive oral practice and vocabulary building are emphasized. Intermediate/Advanced composition and grammar is enhanced through the writing of essays, journals, and/or emails. Reading selections from famous Spanish and Latin American poetry, novels and drama will be included to give the student a deeper insight into Hispanic civilization and the culture of the Spanish-speaking people. In addition, students complete an in-depth unit on Latin American geography, history, and culture, including a written and oral project on different topics related to Hispano-American world.

Spanish V AP - Spanish Language Culture—Richly inundated with practical fluency, AP Spanish is designed to cover six of the major tenets of a culture: family and community, beauty, science and technology, global challenges, individual identity, and contemporary life. Intensive oral practice, combined with university level writing, makes AP
Spanish a challenging but immensely rewarding class. The student will leave with a deep understanding and working knowledge of the Spanish language. Prerequisites: Spanish IV or IV Honors; Spanish III Honors with recommendation
from the teacher.